PERBEDAAN DIMENSI KEPRIBADIAN HEXACO SIX-FACTOR MODEL PADA EMERGING ADULTS PEROKOK DAN NON-PEROKOK

  • Christa Natasha Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Kartika C. Kirana Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Vivi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Pelita Harapan
Kata Kunci: HEXACO six-factor model of personality, emerging adults, perilaku merokok, perilaku berisiko

Abstrak

ABSTRAK - Merokok adalah salah satu penyebab utama munculnya penyakit dan kematian di seluruh dunia. Sayangnya, beberapa kondisi sosial budaya di Indonesia, seperti keleluasaan akses bagi masyarakat untuk memperoleh dan mengonsumsi rokok serta kebiasaan merokok di berbagai suku, menyebabkan persentase jumlah perokok tergolong tinggi. Adapun salah satu atribut penting yang turut berperan mempengaruhi resiliensi maupun risiko keterlibatan dalam risk behaviors adalah faktor kepribadian, dengan salah satu alternatif baru yang dipandang mampu menjelaskan kepribadian secara lebih komprehensif adalah HEXACO six-factor model. Menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan instrumen ukur HEXACO-60 yang dikembangkan Ashton dan Lee (2009) dan telah diadaptasi ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan dimensi-dimensi kepribadian yang membedakan perokok dan non- perokok, sehingga diharapkan dapat berguna antara lain sebagai dasar perancangan program preventif dan korektif terhadap perilaku merokok usia muda. Data dari 213 partisipan menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan (p=.000) pada dimensi honesty-humility, emotionality, agreeableness dan conscientiousness (dengan mean score para perokok lebih rendah daripada non-perokok. Diperoleh pula berbagai data tambahan terkait dengan perilaku merokok, antara lain bahwa usia rata-rata dimulainya perilaku merokok adalah pada usia 17.03 tahun dimana terdapat peningkatan frekuensi dari sejak memulai kebiasaan merokok. Mayoritas merokok dengan alasan enjoyment atau menghilangkan kebosanan, memiliki kerabat dan teman yang juga merokok dan juga pernah terlibat risk behaviors lain (yang dilakukan sesudah memulai kebiasaan merokok), serta bahwa mayoritas perokok perempuan merupakan occasional smokers.
Kata kunci: HEXACO six-factor model; emerging adults; perilaku merokok; perilaku berisiko


ABSTRACT - Smoking is one of the leading cause of diseases and death worldwide. Unfortunately, several socio-cultural conditions in Indonesia, such as the availability of cigarettes and the tradition of smoking among certain tribes, result in the high percentages of smoker - including young ones. Generally, young people experience the long-term effects of addiction, but this research focuses on emerging adult, a group of young people that have not yet received enough concern in Indonesia. Emerging adults are individuals ranging from 18-25 in age, participate in higher education, and have not yet entered marriage. They are more prone to risk behaviors, including smoking, because these individuals try to explore their identities through experimentation in various life aspects - since they have more freedom compared to teenagers. However, there are important factors that influence the possibilities of emerging adults engaging in risk behaviors, one of them is personality. Personality is a stable pattern of characteristics within the individual, and HEXACO six-factor model had been found as a new alternative to explain personality in a more comprehensive way. Using quantitative method, this research aims to explain about the personality dimension that differ among smokers and non-smokers, which can be used as a consideration in making prevention and correction programs related to smoking behavior. The data gathered from HEXACO-60 instrument which consist 213 participants (119 males and 94 females) showed that honestyhumility, emotionality, agreeableness, and conscientiousness differed significantly (all p = .000) between the groups, with lower mean scores for smokers compared to non-smokers. Other notable findings regarding to smoking behavior are also discussed, including the average age of starting to smoke that is 17.03 and the frequency of smoking is gradually increasing time by time. All smokers have relatives and friends that also smoke, and majority of them smoke for enjoyment and to overcome boredom. Smokers are more likely to engage in other risk behaviors after they begin smoking. Research also found that most of female who smoke are occasional smokers.
Keywords: HEXACO six-factor model of personality, emerging adult, smoking, risk behavior 

Diterbitkan
03-12-2017
Format Kutipan
Natasha, C., Kirana, K., & Vivi,. (2017). PERBEDAAN DIMENSI KEPRIBADIAN HEXACO SIX-FACTOR MODEL PADA EMERGING ADULTS PEROKOK DAN NON-PEROKOK. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis Indonesia, 1(1), 82-98. Diambil dari //jurnal.ipkindonesia.or.id/index.php/jpki/article/view/8
Bagian
Artikel